What is a UL 300 System?
UL 300 is a fire testing standard administered by Underwriters Laboratories (UL). In order for appliance companies to receive UL labels on their products, each individual model must be submitted to Underwriters Laboratories for testing. The appliances must meet specific requirements in order to be approved and certified as UL 300.
Why have a UL 300 System?
Before 1994, most commercial cooking involved animal fat. The deep fryers that were used were poorly insulated which made cooking temperatures inconsistent and in-efficient. The extinguishing unit that protected those kitchens was a dry-chemical system which would smother the fire.
Today, vegetable oils are used in commercial cooking and they heat to cooking temperatures quickly. Today’s deep fryers have excellent heat retention and are well insulated. Dry chemical systems are no longer capable of extinguishing and sustaining an extinguished fire. UL 300 systems use wet chemicals which serve two purposes: 1.) To smoother the fire, similar to the way dry chemicals did; and 2.) To cool the liquids so they don’t re-ignite, something dry chemical systems couldn’t do. Although a system might be labeled as wet chemical, it may not necessarily be rated to the UL-300 standard. If you have any questions about your system, contact your suppression service company.
Fact: There are approximately 8,160 structure fires at eating and drinking establishments each year. More than 50% of these fires were caused by cooking equipment.
Prior to moving, modifying, or rearranging your cooking appliances, you must contact the system installer or servicing agent to re-evaluate the fire extinguishing system. The system installer or servicing agent are the only ones able to tell if your new arrangement meets UL 300 standards.